DAWN VOCABULARIES WITH EXAMPLE, SYNONYMS, and ANTONYMS

Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning November 27, 2020
Caution (verb) ہوشیاری، انتباہ، چوکسی
say something as a warning.
Example: “the Chancellor cautioned that economic uncertainties remained”
Synonyms: advice, warn, recommend, counsel, urge, admonish, exhort
Antonyms: incaution, recklessness

Deplete (verb) خرچ کر دینا ، استعمال کرنا
use up the supply or resources of.
Example: “reservoirs have been depleted by years of drought”
Synonyms: exhaust, use up, consume, expend, spend, drain, empty, sap, milk, suck dry
Antonyms: augment, increase

Fudge (verb) پیوند لگانا، دھوکہ دینا
present or deal with (something) in a vague or inadequate way, especially so as to conceal the truth or mislead.
Example: “the authorities have fudged the issue”
Synonyms: evade, dodge, skirt, avoid, duck, shift ground about, hedge, prevaricate, vacillate
Antonyms: be forthright about

Alleviate (verb) شدت کم کرنا، درد کم کرنا
make (suffering, deficiency, or a problem) less severe.
Example: “he couldn’t prevent her pain, only alleviate it”
Synonyms: reduce, ease, relieve, take the edge off, deaden, dull, diminish, lessen, weaken
Antonyms: aggravate

Dismantle (verb) منہدم کرنا، جڑ سے اکھیڑنا، گرانا
take (a machine or structure) to pieces.
Example: “the engines were dismantled and the bits piled into a heap”
Synonyms: take apart, take to pieces, take to bits, pull apart, pull to pieces, deconstruct, disassemble
Antonyms: assemble, build

Coincide (verb) ایک ساتھ ہونا،مطابق ہونا
occur at the same time.
Example: “publication is timed to coincide with a major exhibition”
Synonyms: occur simultaneously, happen together, happen at the same time, be concurrent, coexist
Antonyms: differ

Conjecture (noun) تکہ مارنا، قیاس کرنا
an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information.
Example: “conjectures about the newcomer were many and varied”
Synonyms: guess, speculation, surmise, fancy, notion, belief, suspicion, presumption
Antonyms: fact

Indomitable (adjective) منہ زور، ناقابل کنٹرول، بے قابو
impossible to subdue or defeat.
Example: “a woman of indomitable spirit”
Synonyms: invincible, unconquerable, unbeatable, unassailable, impregnable, invulnerable, unsurpassable
Antonyms: submissive, weak

Dogged (adjective) سگ طبیعت، جم کر محنت کرنے والا، ضدی
having or showing tenacity and grim persistence.
Example: “success required dogged determination”
Synonyms: tenacious, determined, resolute, resolved, purposeful, persistent, persevering, pertinacious
Antonyms: hesitant, half-hearted

Conquer (verb) کچلنا، زیر کرنا، دبانا
overcome and take control of (a place or people) by military force.
Example: “he conquered Cyprus”
Synonyms: defeat, beat, vanquish, trounce, annihilate, triumph over, be victorious over, best
Antonyms: lose to, liberate, lose

Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning November 26, 2020

Ambiguity (noun) ابہام
the quality of being open to more than one interpretation; inexactness.
Example: “we can detect no ambiguity in this section of the Act”
Synonyms: ambivalence, equivocation, obscurity, vagueness, abstruseness, doubtfulness, uncertainty
Antonyms: unambiguousness, transparency

Lenient (adjective) درگزر کرنے والا، رحم دلی، نرم
(of a punishment or person in authority) more merciful or tolerant than expected.
Example: “in the view of the Court the sentence was too lenient”
Synonyms: merciful, clement, sparing, forgiving, forbearing, tolerant, moderate, charitable
Antonyms: merciless, severe, strict

Severity (noun) سختی، شدت، سخت گیری
the fact or condition of being severe.
Example: “sentences should reflect the severity of the crime”
Synonyms: acuteness, seriousness, gravity, graveness, severeness, grievousness, extremity
Antonyms: mildness, leniency, geniality, elaboration

Deterrent (noun) رکاوٹ، باز رکھنے والا، رخنہ
a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.
Example: “cameras are a major deterrent to crime”
Synonyms: disincentive, discouragement, dissuasion, damper, brake, curb, check, restraint
Antonyms: incentive, encouragement

Expediency (noun) ضرورت، مصلحت
the quality of being convenient and practical despite possibly being improper or immoral; convenience.
Example: “an act of political expediency”
Synonyms: convenience, advantage, advantageousness, usefulness, utility, benefit, profitability
Antonyms: disadvantage

Utterly (adverb) بالکل، مکمل طور پر، اظہار کرنا
completely and without qualification; absolutely.
Example: “he looked utterly ridiculous”
Synonyms: completely, totally, absolutely, entirely, wholly, fully, thoroughly, quite
Antonyms: partly, partially, somewhat

Unequivocal (adjective) غیر مبہم، بالکل صاف، واضح طور پر
leaving no doubt; unambiguous.
Example: “an unequivocal answer”
Synonyms: unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable, incontrovertible, indubitable, undeniable
Antonyms: equivocal, ambiguous, vague

Divergence (noun) عدم اتفاق، تضاد، اختلاف
the process or state of diverging.
Example: “the divergence between primates and other groups”
Synonyms: separation, dividing, parting, forking, branching, fork, division, bifurcation
Antonyms: similarity

Moratorium (noun) قانونی مہلت، قرضے میں مہلت
a temporary prohibition of an activity.
Example: “a moratorium on the use of drift nets”
Synonyms: embargo, ban, prohibition, suspension, postponement, stay, stoppage, halt, freeze
Antonyms: resuscitation, renewal, recommencement

Gratification (noun) تسکین، اطمینان،فرحت
pleasure, especially when gained from the satisfaction of a desire.
Example: “a thirst for sexual gratification”
Synonyms: satisfaction, fulfilment, indulgence, relief, quenching, slaking, satiation, appeasement
Antonyms: pain, dislike, disappointment

Daily Dawn Newspaper English Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning November 25, 2020

Clandestine (adjective) پراسرار، چوری چھپے،مخفی، پوشیدہ
kept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit.
Example: “she deserved better than these clandestine meetings”
Synonyms: secret, covert, furtive, surreptitious, stealthy, cloak-and-dagger, hole-and-corner, hole-in-the-corner
Antonyms: open, above board

Ambiguous (adjective) مبہم، مشکوک، ابہام
open to more than one interpretation; not having one obvious meaning.
Example: “ambiguous phrases”
Synonyms: equivocal, ambivalent, open to debate, open to argument, arguable, debatable, Delphic
Antonyms: unambiguous, clear

Fervent (adjective) جوشیلا، انتہائی جذباتی، پرجوش
having or displaying a passionate intensity.
Example: “a fervent supporter of the revolution”
Synonyms: impassioned, passionate, intense, vehement, ardent, fervid, sincere, feeling
Antonyms: apathetic

Perpetual (adjective) ہمیشہ رہنے والا، دائمی، مستقل
never ending or changing.
Example: “deep caves in perpetual darkness”
Synonyms: everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent, unending, endless, without end
Antonyms: transitory, temporary, intermittent

Unravel (verb) گانٹھیں سلجھانا، عقدہ حل کرنا
undo (twisted, knitted, or woven threads)
Example: “they were attempting to unravel the cause of death”
Synonyms: untangle, disentangle, straighten out, separate out, unsnarl, unknot, unwind, untwist
Antonyms: entangle, tangle

Coherent (adjective) معقول، منطقی، تسلسل
(of an argument, theory, or policy) logical and consistent.
Example: “they failed to develop a coherent economic strategy”
Synonyms: logical, reasoned, reasonable, well reasoned, rational, sound, cogent, consistent
Antonyms: incoherent, muddled

Murderous (adjective) قتل کرنے پر مائل، خونی
capable of or intending to murder; dangerously violent.
Example: “a brutal and murderous despot”
Synonyms: homicidal, brutal, violent, savage, ferocious, fierce, vicious, bloodthirsty, barbarous
Antonyms: easy, light

Moribund (adjective) مرنے والا، موت جیسا
(of a person) at the point of death.
Example: “on examination she was moribund and dehydrated”
Synonyms: dying, expiring, on one’s deathbed, near death, near the end, at death’s door
Antonyms: thriving, recovering

Perilous (adjective) خطرناک، خوفناک
full of danger or risk.
Example: “a perilous journey south”
Synonyms: dangerous, fraught with danger, hazardous, risky, unsafe, treacherous, precarious
Antonyms: safe, secure

Detain (verb) قید کرنا، روک رکھنا
keep (someone) from proceeding by holding them back or making claims on their attention.
Example: “she made to open the door, but he detained her”
Synonyms: delay, hold up, make late, retard, keep (back), slow up, slow down, set back
Antonyms: release

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (24 November 2020)

Betray (verb) دھوکہ دینا، غداری
expose (one’s country, a group, or a person) to danger by treacherously giving information to an enemy.
Example: “a double agent who betrayed some 400 British and French agents to the Germans”
Synonyms: break one’s promise to, be disloyal to, be unfaithful to, break faith with, play someone false, fail
Antonyms: be loyal to

Dreary (adjective) غیرپرکشش، بے لطف، اداس
depressingly dull and bleak or repetitive.
Example: “the dreary round of working, eating, and trying to sleep”
Synonyms: dull, drab, uninteresting, flat, dry, banal, bland, insipid, colourless, lifeless
Antonyms: exciting, cheerful, bright

Stem (verb) پیدا ہونا، شاخ، تنا
originate in or be caused by.
Example: “many of the universities’ problems stem from rapid expansion”
Synonyms: have its origins in, arise from, originate from, spring from, derive from, come from
Antonyms: cause, give rise to, be independent of

Imminent (adjective) آنے والا، قریب، نزدیک
about to happen.
Example: “they were in imminent danger of being swept away”
Synonyms: impending, at hand, close, near, approaching, fast approaching, coming
Antonyms: remote

Perpetual (adjective) ہمیشہ رہنے والا، دائمی
never ending or changing.
Example: “deep caves in perpetual darkness”
Synonyms: everlasting, never-ending, eternal, permanent, unending, endless, without end, lasting
Antonyms: transitory, temporary, intermittent

Combative (adjective) لڑاکو، پھڈے باز
ready or eager to fight or argue.
Example: “he made some enemies with his combative style”
Synonyms: pugnacious, aggressive, antagonistic, quarrelsome, argumentative, contentious, hostile
Antonyms: conciliatory

Impoverished (adjective) غریب، حاجت مند، مفلسی
(of a person or area) made poor.
Example: “impoverished villages”
Synonyms: poor, poverty-stricken, penniless, penurious, destitute, indigent, impecunious, needy
Antonyms: rich, wealthy

Indictment (noun) فرد جرم، کسی شخص کے خلاف الزام، چالان
a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Example: “an indictment for conspiracy”
Synonyms: charge, accusation, arraignment, citation, summons, allegation, imputation, plaint
Antonyms: acquittal

Emanate (verb) خارج کرنا، ظاہر ہونا، خارج ہونا
(of a feeling, quality, or sensation) issue or spread out from (a source).
Example: “warmth emanated from the fireplace”
Synonyms: emerge, flow, pour, proceed, issue, ensue, come out, come forth, spread out
Antonyms: terminate, culminate, end, evene

Precisely (adverb) بالکل ٹھیک، ٹھیک ٹھاک
in exact terms; without vagueness.
Example: “the guidelines are precisely defined”
Synonyms: exactly, sharp, on the dot, promptly, prompt, on the stroke of …, on the dot of …,
Antonyms: imprecisely, inexactly

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (23 November 2020)


Entity (noun) کوئی موجودہ شے، وجود
a thing with distinct and independent existence.
Example: “Church and empire were fused in a single entity”
Synonyms: organization, institution, establishment, body, operation, structure, system, unit, whole
Antonyms: nonentity, non-existence

Exacerbate (verb) بدتر کرنا ، شدید تر کرنا،بگاڑنا
make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Example: “the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem”
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound, intensify, increase, heighten
Antonyms: calm, reduce

Provocative (adjective) اشتعال انگیز، اکسانے والا
causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.
Example: “a provocative article”
Synonyms: annoying, irritating, exasperating, infuriating, provoking, maddening, goading
Antonyms: soothing, calming

Oppression (noun) جبر، ظلم، کچلنا، دبانا
prolonged cruel or unjust treatment or exercise of authority.
Example: “a region shattered by oppression and killing”
Synonyms: persecution, abuse, maltreatment, ill treatment, tyranny, despotism, repression
Antonyms: freedom, democracy

Slam (verb) زور سے بند کرنا، زور سے مارنا
shut (a door, window, or lid) forcefully and loudly.
Example: “he slams the door behind him as he leaves”
Synonyms: bang, shut/close with a bang, shut/close noisily, shut/close with a crash, shut/close with force
Antonyms: pull something to, close gently

Provocative (adjective) اشتعال انگیز
causing anger or another strong reaction, especially deliberately.
Example: “a provocative article”
Synonyms: annoying, irritating, exasperating, infuriating, provoking, maddening, goading
Antonyms: soothing, calming

Reproach (verb) بدنامی، الزام دینا، ڈانٹ ڈپٹ کرنا
express to (someone) one’s disapproval of or disappointment in their actions.
Example: “her friends reproached her for not thinking enough about her family”
Synonyms: rebuke, reprove, scold, chide, reprimand, admonish, chastise, upbraid
Antonyms: praise, commend

Jubilation (noun) جشن، نہایت خوش
a feeling of great happiness and triumph.
Example: “unbelievable scenes of jubilation”
Synonyms: exultation, triumph, joy, joyousness, rejoicing, elation, euphoria, ecstasy
Antonyms: despondency

Ebullient (adjective) پرجوش، جوشیلا، کھولتا ہوا
cheerful and full of energy.
Example: “she sounded ebullient and happy”
Synonyms: exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, sunny, breezy, jaunty, light-hearted
Antonyms: depressed

Absurd (adjective) مضحکہ خیز، اوٹ پٹانگ
wildly unreasonable, illogical, or inappropriate.
Example: “the allegations are patently absurd”
Synonyms: preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous, farcical, laughable, risible, idiotic, stupid, foolish
Antonyms: reasonable, sensible

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (22 November 2020)

Horrendous (adjective) بھیانک، خوفناک، ہولناک
extremely unpleasant, horrifying, or terrible.
Example: “she suffered horrendous injuries”
Synonyms: horrible, dreadful, horrifying, horrific, frightful, fearful, awful, terrible, shocking, appalling
Antonyms: unalarming, good, ordinary, mild, noncritical

Intrude (verb) بن بلائے آنا، بن بلایا مہمان
put oneself deliberately into a place or situation where one is unwelcome or uninvited.
Example: “he had no right to intrude into their lives”
Synonyms: encroach, impinge, trespass, infringe, obtrude, thrust oneself in
Antonyms: withdraw

Integrity (noun) سالمیت ، ایمان ، خلوص
the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles.
Example: “a gentleman of complete integrity”
Synonyms: honesty, uprightness, probity, rectitude, honour, honourableness, upstandingness
Antonyms: dishonesty

Refrain (verb) رکنا، باز رہنا ، اجتناب کرنا
stop oneself from doing something.
Example: “she refrained from comment”
Synonyms: abstain, desist, hold back, stop oneself, withhold, forbear, forgo, do without
Antonyms: indulge, venture, continue, persist

Rebuff (verb) انکار، روک، دھتکار، جھٹکا
reject (someone or something) in an abrupt or ungracious manner.
Example: “I asked her to be my wife, and was rebuffed in no uncertain terms”
Synonyms: reject, turn down, spurn, refuse, decline, repudiate, disdain, snub, slight
Antonyms: accept, welcome

Bigotry (noun) تعصب، ہٹ دھرمی
obstinate or unreasonable attachment to a belief, opinion, or faction; in particular, prejudice against a person or people on the basis of their membership of a particular group.
Example: “the difficulties of combating prejudice and bigotry”
Synonyms: prejudice, bias, partiality, partisanship, sectarianism, discrimination, unfairness
Antonyms: tolerance

Venerate (verb) احترام، لحاظ
regard with great respect; revere.
Example: “Philip of Beverley was venerated as a saint”
Synonyms: revere, reverence, respect, worship, adulate, hallow, deify, idolize, hold sacred
Antonyms: despise

Prejudice (noun) بدگمانی، طرفداری، تعصب
preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
Example: “prejudice against people from different backgrounds”
Synonyms: preconceived idea, preconception, preconceived notion, prejudgement
Antonyms: calm, detachment, dispassion, indifference

Swashbuckle (verb) لڑنے مرنے پر تیار،اکڑ کر چلنا
engage in daring and romantic adventures with bravado or flamboyance.
Example: “this guy can swashbuckle and hold his own”
Synonyms: daring, romantic, heroic, daredevil, swaggering, dashing, adventurous, rakish
Antonyms: timid, unadventurous

Adversary (noun) حریف، مخالف
one’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute.
Example: “Davis beat his old adversary in the quarter-finals”
Synonyms: opponent, rival, enemy, foe, nemesis, antagonist, combatant, challenger
Antonyms: ally, supporter

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (21 November 2020)


Transition (noun) نقل مکانی، تبدیلی، عبور
the process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.
Example: “students in transition from one programme to another”
Synonyms: change, move, passage, transformation, conversion, adaptation, adjustment
Antonyms: quieten, tire, odourise, denazify

Reiterate (verb) بار بار دہرانا، دوبارہ کہنا
say something again or a number of times, typically for emphasis or clarity.
Example: “she reiterated that the government would remain steadfast in its support”
Synonyms: repeat, say again, restate, retell, recapitulate, go over (and over), iterate, rehearse
Antonyms: cancel, withdraw, reverse, retract

Discrepancy (noun) اختلاف، عدم اتفاق
an illogical or surprising lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts.
Example: “there’s a discrepancy between your account and his”
Synonyms: inconsistency, difference, disparity, variance, variation, deviation, divergence, disagreement
Antonyms: similarity, correspondence

Chaotic (adjective) بدنظمی کی حالت، افراتفری، گڑ بڑ
in a state of complete confusion and disorder.
Example: “the political situation was chaotic”
Synonyms: disorderly, disordered, in disorder, in chaos, in disarray, disorganized, topsy-turvy
Antonyms: orderly

Dread (verb) خوف، فکرمندی، ڈرنا
anticipate with great apprehension or fear.
Example: “Jane was dreading the party”
Synonyms: fear, be afraid of, worry about, be anxious about, have forebodings about
Antonyms: look forward to

Relentless (adjective) کڑا، شدید، سخت، بے رحم
unceasingly intense.
Example: “the relentless heat of the desert”
Synonyms: persistent, continuing, constant, continual, continuous, non-stop, lasting, never-ending
Antonyms: short-lived, irresolute, intermittent

Hound (verb) نیچ کرنا، اکسانا
harass, persecute, or pursue relentlessly.
Example: “she was hounded by the Italian press”
Synonyms: harass, persecute, harry, pester, bother, trouble, annoy, badger, torment
Antonyms: leave in peace

Legitimate (adjective) قانونی، جائز، شرعی
conforming to the law or to rules.
Example: “his claims to legitimate authority”
Synonyms: legal, lawful, licit, legalized, authorized, permitted, permissible, allowable
Antonyms: illegal, illegitimate

Outrageous (adjective) ہیبت ناک، خوفناک، شدید غصہ
shockingly bad or excessive.
Example: “an outrageous act of bribery”
Synonyms: shocking, disgraceful, scandalous, atrocious, appalling, abhorrent, monstrous
Antonyms: acceptable, mild, moderate

Blunt (adjective) شدت کم کرنا، سن کرنا
(of a cutting implement) not having a sharp edge or point.
Example: “a blunt knife”
Synonyms: not sharp, unsharpened, dull, dulled, worn (down), edgeless
Antonyms: sharp

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (20 November 2020)

Intend (verb) چاہنا، ارادہ رکھنا
have (a course of action) as one’s purpose or intention; plan.
Example: “the company intends to cut 400 jobs”
Synonyms: plan, mean, have the/every intention, have in mind, have in view, have plans, aim, propose
Antonyms: go, take away, refuse

Bode (verb) اشارہ کرنا، نشاندہی کرنا
be a portent of a particular outcome.
Example: “their argument did not bode well for the future”
Synonyms: augur, presage, portend, foretell, prophesy, predict, forebode, foreshadow, herald
Antonyms: relate, record, narrate, remember

Sabotage (verb) تخریب کاری، توڑ پھوڑ
deliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct (something), especially for political or military advantage.
Example: “power lines from South Africa were sabotaged by rebel forces”
Synonyms: wreck, deliberately damage, vandalize, destroy, obstruct, disrupt, cripple, impair
Antonyms: obey, energize, energise

Prevail (verb) باقی رہنا، قائم رہنا، قائل کر لینا
prove more powerful or superior.
Example: “it is hard for logic to prevail over emotion”
Synonyms: win, win out, win through, triumph, be victorious, be the victor, gain the victory
Antonyms: be defeated, come short, fail,

Urgency (noun) فوری ضرورت، لاچاری
importance requiring swift action.
Example: “the discovery of the ozone hole gave urgency to the issue of CFCs”
Synonyms: importance, top priority, imperativeness, weight, weightiness, gravity, necessity
Antonyms: unimportant, insignificant, trifling

Contraction (noun) اختصار، چھوٹا کرنے کا عمل، تنگی
the process of becoming smaller.
Example: “the general contraction of the industry did further damage to morale”
Synonyms: shrinking, reduction in size, shrinkage, decline, decrease, diminution, dwindling
Antonyms: expansion, growth

Buoyant (adjective) خوشگوار، تیرنا، اچھال
cheerful and optimistic.
Example: “the conference ended with the party in a buoyant mood”
Synonyms: cheerful, cheery, happy, light-hearted, carefree, bright, glad, merry
Antonyms: depressed, pessimistic

Subdued (adjective) دبا کر رکھنا، زیر اثر رکھنا، مطیع کرنا
(of a person or their manner) quiet and rather reflective or depressed.
Example: “I felt strangely subdued as I drove home”
Synonyms: sombre, low-spirited, downcast, sad, dejected, depressed, low, gloomy
Antonyms: lively, cheerful, loud, noisy

Hobble (verb) کڑی، زنجیر، لنگراہٹ
walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury.
Example: “he was hobbling around on crutches”
Synonyms: limp, walk with a limp, walk with difficulty, move unsteadily, walk unevenly, walk lamely
Antonyms: stride

Reluctance (noun) ہچکچاہٹ، ناراض، نارضا مند
unwillingness or disinclination to do something.
Example: “she sensed his reluctance to continue”
Synonyms: unwillingness, disinclination, lack of enthusiasm, hesitation, hesitance, hesitancy
Antonyms: willingness, eagerness

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (19 November 2020)

Dubious (adjective) مشتبہ، مشکوک
hesitating or doubting.
Example: “I was rather dubious about the whole idea”
Synonyms: doubtful, uncertain, unsure, in doubt, hesitant, undecided, unsettled, unconfirmed
Antonyms: certain, definite

Rowdy (adjective) پرشور، بدمعاش، غنڈہ
noisy and disorderly.
Example: “it was a rowdy but good-natured crowd”
Synonyms: unruly, disorderly, badly behaved, obstreperous, riotous, unrestrained, undisciplined
Antonyms: peaceful, quiet, restrained

Boorish (adjective) غیر مہذب، وحشی، گنوار شخص
rough and bad-mannered; coarse.
Example: “boorish behaviour”
Synonyms: coarse, uncouth, rude, discourteous, impolite, ungentlemanly, unladylike, ill-bred
Antonyms: refined, sophisticated

Discontented (adjective) بے اطمینان، ٹوٹنا
dissatisfied, especially with one’s circumstances.
Example: “I am so discontented with my work”
Synonyms: dissatisfied, disgruntled, fed up, disaffected, discontent, malcontent, unhappy
Antonyms: contented, satisfied

Inglorious (adjective) شرمناک، ذلت آمیز
(of an action or situation) causing shame or a loss of honour.
Example: “an inglorious episode in British imperial history”
Synonyms: shameful, dishonourable, ignominious, discreditable, disgraceful, humiliating, mortifying
Antonyms: glorious

Disburse (verb) خرچ کرنا، ادا کرنا، لاگت
pay out (money from a fund).
Example: “$67 million of the pledged aid had already been disbursed”
Synonyms: pay out, lay out, spend, expend, dole out, hand out, part with, donate, give
Antonyms: claim

Fragile (adjective) نازک، ناپائیدار
(of an object) easily broken or damaged.
Example: “fragile items such as glass and china”
Synonyms: breakable, easily broken, brittle, frangible, smashable, splintery, flimsy, weak
Antonyms: robust

Lopsided (adjective) ناہموار
with one side lower or smaller than the other.
Example: “a lopsided grin”
Synonyms: asymmetrical, unsymmetrical, uneven, unevenly balanced, unbalanced, off-balance
Antonyms: even, level, balanced

Salvage (verb) خطرے سے بچانا کا عمل
rescue (a wrecked or disabled ship or its cargo) from loss at sea.
Example: “an emerald and gold cross was salvaged from the wreck”
Synonyms: rescue, save, recover, retrieve, raise, reclaim, get back, restore, reinstate
Antonyms: unrighteous, wicked, evil, immoral

Forcibly (adverb) جبراً، زبردستی ، طاقت سے
using force or violence.
Example: “no one will be forcibly evicted”
Synonyms: by force, against one’s will, under protest, compulsorily, under compulsion, under coercion
Antonyms: delicately, faintly, frailly, shakily

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (18 November 2020)

Reactionary (adjective) قدامت پسند، لکیر کا فقیر، رجعت پسند
opposing political or social progress or reform.
Example: “reactionary attitudes toward women’s rights”
Synonyms: right-wing, conservative, rightist, ultra-conservative, ultra-right, alt-right, blimpish
Antonyms: radical, progressive

Thrive (verb) تیزی سے بڑھنا، اضافہ ہونا
(of a child, animal, or plant) grow or develop well or vigorously.
Example: “the new baby thrived”
Synonyms: flourish, prosper, grow vigorously, develop well, burgeon, bloom, blossom, do well
Antonyms: decline, wither, fail, stagnate

Incendiary (adjective) آتش زن، آگ لگانے والا مجرم
(of a device or attack) designed to cause fires.
Example: “incendiary bombs”
Synonyms: combustible, flammable, inflammable, fire-producing, fire-raising
Antonyms: conciliatory

Violent (adjective) پرتشدد، جذباتی
using or involving physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.
Example: “a violent confrontation with riot police”
Synonyms: brutal, vicious, savage, harsh, rough, aggressive, bullying, threatening, terrorizing
Antonyms: gentle, weak

Vicious (adjective) ظالمانہ، نااہل، شیطانی
deliberately cruel or violent.
Example: “a vicious assault”
Synonyms: brutal, ferocious, savage, violent, dangerous, ruthless, remorseless, merciless
Antonyms: gentle, kindly, benevolent

Myopic (adjective) دور کی نظر کی کمزوری
short-sighted.
Example: “most myopic children can be fitted with glasses to correct their vision”
Synonyms: short-sighted, nearsighted, as blind as a bat, purblind
Antonyms: long-sighted

Capitulation (noun) ہتھیار ڈالنے کا عمل، مشروط طور پر ہتھیار ڈالنا
the action of ceasing to resist an opponent or demand.
Example: “she gave a sigh of capitulation”
Synonyms: surrender, submission, yielding, giving in, succumbing, acquiescence, laying down of arms
Antonyms: resistance

Craven (adjective) ڈرپورک، بزدل، نامرد
contemptibly lacking in courage; cowardly.
Example: “a craven abdication of his moral duty”
Synonyms: cowardly, lily-livered, faint-hearted, chicken-hearted, pigeon-hearted, spiritless
Antonyms: brave

Untenable (adjective) غیر مستحکم، جو دلیل سے ثابت نہ ہو سکے
(especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.
Example: “this argument is clearly untenable”
Synonyms: indefensible, undefendable, unarguable, insupportable, refutable, unsustainable, unjustified
Antonyms: tenable, defensible

Redundant (adjective) بےکار،اضافی
not or no longer needed or useful; superfluous.
Example: “many of the old skills had become redundant”
Synonyms: unnecessary, not required, inessential, unessential, needless, unneeded, uncalled for
Antonyms: essential, necessary

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (17 November 2020)

Stagger (verb) ڈگمگا کر چلنا، لڑکھڑا کر چلنا
walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.
Example: “he staggered to his feet, swaying a little”
Synonyms: lurch, walk unsteadily, reel, sway, teeter, totter, stumble, wobble, move clumsily
Antonyms: dive (in), plunge (in)

Rarity (noun) شازونادر، نایاب
the state or quality of being rare.
Example: “the rarity of the condition”
Synonyms: infrequency, rareness, unusualness, uncommonness, singularity, uniqueness, scarcity
Antonyms: normality, standard, regularity, usual,

Corrode (verb) خراب کرنا
destroy or damage (metal, stone, or other materials) slowly by chemical action.
Example: “acid rain poisons fish and corrodes buildings”
Synonyms: wear away, wear down, eat away (at), gnaw away (at), bite into, burn into, burn through
Antonyms: repair, renew, furbish, consolidate

Rupture (verb) پھوٹنا، پھٹنے کا عمل
(especially of a pipe or container, or bodily part such as an organ or membrane) break or burst suddenly.
Example: “if the main artery ruptures he could die”
Synonyms: break, fracture, crack, burst, split, fissure, blowout, breach, tear
Antonyms: union, uniting, healing, fusion

Eavesdrop (verb) چھپ کر سننا، خفیہ سن گن لینے والا
secretly listen to a conversation.
Example: “my father eavesdropped on my phone calls”
Synonyms: listen in, spy, intrude, monitor, tap, wiretap, record, overhear, snoop, bug
Antonyms: ignore, incuriosity, incuriousness

Surveillance (noun) کڑی نگرانی، حراست
close observation, especially of a suspected spy or criminal.
Example: “he found himself put under surveillance by British military intelligence”
Synonyms: observation, scrutiny, watch, view, inspection, monitoring, supervision, superintendence
Antonyms: carelessness, neglect, negligence

Spirited (adjective) پرجوش، روح پھونکنا
full of energy, enthusiasm, and determination.
Example: “a spirited campaigner for women’s rights”
Synonyms: lively, vivacious, vibrant, full of life, vital, animated, high-spirited, sparkling
Antonyms: timid, apathetic, lifeless

Buoy (verb) تیرنا، پانی پر تیرنے والے نشان
keep (someone or something) afloat.
Example: “the creatures could swim, both buoyed up and cooled by the water”
Synonyms: cheer, cheer up, brighten up, ginger up, hearten, rally, animate, invigorate
Antonyms: depress

Contention (noun) دلیل، لڑائی جھگڑا، بحث
heated disagreement.
Example: “the captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries”
Synonyms: disagreement, dispute, disputation, argument, variance, discord, hostility
Antonyms: agreement

Emit (verb) خارج کرنا، نکلنا
produce and discharge (something, especially gas or radiation).
Example: “even the best cars emit carbon dioxide”
Synonyms: discharge, release, give out/off, pour out, send forth, throw out, void, effuse, vent
Antonyms: absorb

Daily DAWN News Vocabulary with Urdu Meaning (16 November 2020)

Succumb (verb) مجبوراً تسلیم کرنا، ہار ماننا، دم توڑ دینا
fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.
Example: “we cannot merely give up and succumb to despair”
Synonyms: yield, give in, give way, submit, surrender, capitulate, cave in, be overcome by, be overwhelmed by
Antonyms: resist, conquer

Flatten (verb) چپٹانا، ہموار بنانا
make or become flat or flatter.
Example: “her hair had been flattened by the storm”
Synonyms: make/become flat, make/become even, make/become smooth, smooth (out/off), level (out/off)
Antonyms: roughen, make uneven

Dreadful (adjective) بھیانک، خوفناک،ڈراﺅنا
causing or involving great suffering, fear, or unhappiness; extremely bad or serious.
Example: “there’s been a dreadful accident”
Synonyms: terrible, frightful, horrible, grim, awful, dire, frightening, terrifying, horrifying
Antonyms: mild

Vigour (noun) قوت، زور، توانائی، طاقت
physical strength and good health.
Example: “I was 79, but still full of vigour and vitality”
Synonyms: robustness, healthiness, good health, hardiness, strength, stamina, sturdiness
Antonyms: weakness, listlessness, lethargy

Evaporate (verb) بخارات بن کر خارج ہونا
turn from liquid into vapour.
Example: “cook until most of the liquid has evaporated”
Synonyms: vaporize, become vapor, volatilize, dry up
Antonyms: condense

Dissent (verb) اختلافات، اختلاف رائے ہونا
hold or express opinions that are at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Example: “two members dissented from the majority”
Synonyms: differ, demur, diverge, disagree with, fail to agree with, express disagreement with
Antonyms: assent, agree, accept

Incarceration (noun) اسیری، قید
the state of being confined in prison; imprisonment.
Example: “the public would not be served by her incarceration”
Synonyms: imprisonment, internment, confinement, detention, custody, captivity, restraint
Antonyms: freedom

Despicable (adjective) مایوسی، قابل نفرت، پلید
deserving hatred and contempt.
Example: “a despicable crime”
Synonyms: contemptible, loathsome, hateful, detestable, reprehensible, abhorrent, abominable
Antonyms: admirable, noble

Grotesque (adjective) بگڑی ہوئی شکل، بے جوڑ
comically or repulsively ugly or distorted.
Example: “a figure wearing a grotesque mask”
Synonyms: malformed, deformed, misshapen, misproportioned, distorted, twisted, gnarled
Antonyms: ordinary, normal

Turbulent (adjective) انتشار انگیز، افراتفری سے بھر پور
characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm.
Example: “the country’s turbulent history”
Synonyms: tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled, tumultuous, explosive, in turmoil, full of upheavals
Antonyms: peaceful

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